top of page

Historical instruments



The boha

a mytic bagpipe


The caremère

An instrument too little unknown

Two melodic pipes are drilled on the same piece of wood: the pihet.


They work with a simple reed like the saxophone or clarinet. The one on the left has several game holes, it is with him that we play the melody. The right-hand bore, which can be used as a drone, also allows the musician, thanks to a play hole, to perform rhythms and polyphonies.


This tube is lengthened by a piece of wood: the brunider which can be removed to change the tuning of the instrument. 

The boha

bagpipe of Landes

carte copie.png
An evolution

In the comparative study of the bohas, the ever tangible evolution of the instrument, with the continuous contribution of new technologies, leads us to believe that rather than a succession of ruptures, the Landes bagpipe is located in a continuum and an adaptation necessary to a practice that is still relevant today.

The boha is historically present in three departments of New Aquitaine: mainly in the Landes but also in the south of the Gironde and the west of the Lot et Garonne.

Today it is played beyond its historical playing area as is the case for most musical instruments.

bohaire ancien.jpg

The caremèra

or chalemia

Caremèra is the Gascon name
of simple reed chanter

© photo : Félix Arnaudin

The instrument is composed of 3 parts, a reed in a piece of cane or feather, a melodic pipe and a horn that serves as a resonator.


To obtain the dynamics of the play we adopt the same type of closed fingering as for the boha.

The circular breathing technique is very suitable for this instrument.

Félix Arnaudin had bought a caremera from the old musician Pierre Fronsac in 1907. This instrument is part of the stock of the Ecomusée de la Haute Landes in Sabres-40.

The caremera was played at the midnight mass. Up to a dozen musicians could be heard playing in unison. It was also used to make people dance. 

bottom of page